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Anatomy & Physiology (BIO 251) Cell Organelles Review

Sandra Watson
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Chamberlain College of Nursing

Anatomy & Physiology (BIO 251)

Cell City Analogy
In a far away city called Grant City, the main export and production product is the steel widget.
Everyone in the town has something to do with steel widget making and the entire town is designed
to build and export widgets. The town hall has the instructions for widget making, widgets come in
all shapes and sizes and any citizen of Grant can get the instructions and begin making their own
widgets. Widgets are generally produced in small shops around the city, these small shops can be
built by the carpenter’s union (whose headquarters are in town hall).
After the widget is constructed, they are placed on special carts which can deliver the widget
anywhere in the city. In order for a widget to be exported, the carts take the widget to the postal
office, where the widgets are packaged and labeled for export. Sometimes widgets don’t turn out
right, and the “rejects” are sent to the scrap yard where they are broken down for parts or destroyed
altogether. The town powers the widget shops and carts from a hydraulic dam that is in the city. The
entire city is enclosed by a large wooden fence, only the postal trucks (and citizens with proper
passports) are allowed outside the city.

Complete the following table by writing the name of the cell part or organelle in the right hand
column that matches the structure/function in the left hand column. A cell part may be used more
than once.
Structure/Function Cell Part
Stores material within the cell
Closely stacked, flattened sacs (plants only)
The sites of protein synthesis
Transports materials within the cell
The region inside the cell except for the nucleus
Organelle that manages or controls all the cell functions in a eukaryotic cell
Contains chlorophyll, a green pigment that traps energy from sunlight and gives plants their
green color



Anatomy & Physiology (BIO 251) Cell Organelles Review

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