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ARC 1720 UF Quiz Survey of Architecture History

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ARC1720 Survey Of Architecture History Quiz

survey of Architecture UF Quiz

arc1720 paper architects

Question 1

According to Professor Tilson’s lecture on Greece, a megaron was a rectangular
enclosed space used for

all of the answers are correct.
poetry
sacrifice
guests of the king to stay overnight
Question 2

According to Professor Tilson’s lecture on Greece, a new landscape plan around the
Acropolis constructed of discarded stone and representing many time periods of history
was created by contemporary architect
Frank Gehry
Tadao Ando
Bernard Tschumi

Dimitris Pikionis
Question 3

According to the video on Mycenae and Knossos, which answer(s) is/are correct?
The iconic Lion Gate was the entrance to Agamemnon’s citadel, which consists of two
lions standing on either side of a column.

All the answers are correct.
The people who lived inside the buildings in the citadel were of high status, consisting
of military, administrative, and religious sectors.
Located in the Mino Palace second floor is a grand space called the Piano Nobile.
Question 4

As shown in the plan provided below, the dominant architectural elements at Queen
Hatshepsut’s temple at Dier-el-Bahari are:
obelisks.
None of the answers is correct.

colonnades.
pyramids.
pylon gates.
Question 5

The principal building material for Mesopotamian ziggurats was ________, and finished
with an exterior layer of ___________.
tamped earth, kiln-fired brick.

sun-dried brick, kiln-fired brick.
sandstone, white limestone.
tamped earth, white limestone.
sun-dried brick, sandstone.
Question 6

According to Professor Tilson’s lecture on Egypt, the pyramid visualizes the emergence
of

the primordial mountain from the seas
obelisk
a circular earth mound
a gilded capstone
Question 7

According to Professor Tilson’s lecture on Egypt, the plan of Amun-Re reveals a space
containing a grid of columns. This space is called a
akhet
pylon

hypostyle hall
axis
Question 8

The Temple of Hera, shown here in the photograph below and built around 550 BCE in
Southern Italy, is an example of a:
Megaron.

Doric temple.
Corinthian colonade.
Palace complex.
Domos and Prodomos.
Question 9

The thick, heavy walls at Mycenae showcase:
a reliance on mortar, a new material technology.
fresco paintings.

cyclopean masonry.
None of the answers is correct.
the use of intricate, limestone veneer.
Question 10

The pediment sculptures located on east and west ends of the Parthenon depict the:
You Answered
birth of Athena.

birth of Athena and the contest between Athena and Poseidon.
contests between Athens and Sparta.
victory of Athena over the Persian god Marathon.
contest between Athena and Poseidon.

Question 1

The Daoist title I Ching translates to:
Book of Personal Insight.
Architectural Design.

Book of Changes.
First Book.
Book of Things Chinese.
Question 2

At the Imperial Villa in Kyoto, the distinction between interior and exterior space is:
made obvious by color coding.
You Answered
emphasized by strategically located gardens.
made enigmatic by the repetition of materials.

blurred through the use of moveable partitions.
None of the answers is correct.
Question 3

Woven Japanese floor mats, made of rice straw and measuring roughly 3 by 6 feet, are
called:
None of the answers is correct.

tatami.
titmice.
osaki.
tammani.
Question 4

According to Professor Tilson’s lecture on China and Japan, the Shrine at ISE, a Shinto
shrine dedicated to goddess Amaterasu-ōmikami, in Katsura is

all of the answers are correct.
an architecture that is integral with nature rather than being imposed on it
exemplar of architecture devoid of unnecessary ornament
an architecture that reflects extraordinary sensitivity to building materials
Question 5

According to Professor Tilson’s lecture on China and Japan, the Forbidden City in
Beijing is the clearest example of an application of a diagram which creates what some
scholars call a __________, organizing material space with cosmic space.
“divine bond”
“spiritual resonance”
“sacred ground”

“holy field”
Question 6

According to Professor Tilson’s lecture on Ancient India and Asia, the Buddha himself
specified that the tomb of a Buddha should be built

at the meeting of four roads
atop the highest mountain
underground for protection
at the terminus of a long axis facing east
Question 7

According to Professor Tilson’s lecture on Ancient India and Asia, a mandala is a
______________ with Hindu origins and used a formal device in architectural design.
important ritual
repeated poem

sacred diagram
spiritual text
Question 8

Illustrating the fundamental elements of Buddhist shrines in India, the Great Stupa at
Sanchi, shown in the image below, includes a:

All of the answers are correct.
chatra.
harmica.
torana.
verdica.
Question 9

In Indian tradition, chaityas are:
tree-like sculptures.
None of the answers is correct.

village memorials.
monasteries.
labyrinths.
Question 10

The origins of the stupa can be traced to:

a simple mound of rubble and earth that was erected over relics.
symbolism of male and female gentalia.
Alexander the Great.
the design of Egyptian tombs.
the desire to reach nirvana.

Question 1

According to Professor Kara’s lecture on Islamic architecture, while mosques were the
center of religion, they also served other functions of society to include:
higher education.
cemetery.
markets.

all of the answers are correct.
Question 2

According to Professor Kara’s lecture on Islamic architecture, the architectural forms in
mosques that are larger and taller than the adjacent structure and serve as a transition
from large open spaces to smaller interior spaces are called
none of the answers are correct.

iwans
domes
minarets
Question 3

According to the video on Isfahan the Royal Mosque, The high porches of the iwans,
the deep set arcades, the void between the two vaults of the dome, and the central pool
all combine to
make an area for prayer.
create a place for religious teaching.
You Answered
provide a place for ritual cleansing.

create air, shade, and coolness.
Question 4

The octagonal structure, seen in the image below, is:
the Alhambra.

the Dome of the Rock.
the the Great Mosque of al-Mutawakkil.
the Great Mosque in Cordoba.
the Sehzade Mosque.
Question 5

Iwan mosques include a rectangular court:
with multiple ablution pools.
flanked by large towers covered with aniconic ornaments.
with multiple prayer halls.

flanked by large, often-vaulted spaces.
Question 6

According to Professor Kara’s lecture on Early Christian and Byzantine architecture, the
height difference between the nave roof and the isle roof in an early Roman basilica
was used for
water collection
standing space for mothers with children
storage of hymnals

clerestory windows
Question 7

According to the video on Saint Mark’s Basilica, the church is a______plan and the
walls are covered in 40,000 square feet of ______ displaying Christian scenes of
______ figures in Middle Byzantine style.
latin cross, glass mosaics, roman

greek cross, gold mosaics, attenuated symbolic
central, marble mosaics, greek
roman cross, brick mosaics, greek
Question 8

According to the video on Hagia Sophia, which of the following is/are architectural
feature(s) of the church?
piers
dome
pendentives

All the answers are correct
gold mosaics
Question 9

The interior of the church of S. Apollinare Nuovo in Ravenna includes:
an exedra embedded in the walls.

nave walls finished with mosaics.
an ambulatory covered by vaults.
None of the answers is correct.
a cathedra supporting a baldachino.
Question 10

The Russian church seen in the image below is:
San Vitale in Ravenna
Church of the Raising of Lazarus
Hagia Sophia

Church of St. Basil the Blessed
Church of the Transfiguration
Question 11

According to Professor Tilson’s lecture on Rome, the Architect Apollodorus of
Damascus demonstrated planning and engineering skill in
The markets of Trajan

The markets of Trajan and the Basilica Ulpia
The Basilica Ulpia
The Colosseum
Question 12

According to Professor Tilson’s lecture on Rome, the Colosseum originally carried a
light-weight tensile structure for shade covering called a
vitruvius
You Answered
illumium

velarium
impluvium
Question 13

The Pantheon in ancient Rome is covered by a:
You Answered
All the answers are correct.
series of coffered barrel vaults.
wood truss with false coffering.
coffered groin vault.

coffered dome.
Question 14

The main north-south and the east-west streets in a Roman castra are called the:
etrusco and the romanus, respectively.
None of the answers is correct.

cardo and the decumanus, respectively.
caesaro and the imperius, respectively.
foro and the saturnalia, respectively.
Question 15

The upper portion of the Sanctuary of Fortuna at Palestrina was strongly influenced by:
Etruscan work.
You Answered
Roman Imperial work.
Egyptian work.
All of the answers are correct.

Hellenistic Greek practices.

Question 1

According to Professor Tilson’s lecture on Gothic architecture, one of the greatest
Gothic advances in the St. Denis Cathedral was the
chisel
beam construction wall system

amount of stained glass used in the walls
steel vaulted nave
exterior courtyard wall construction
Question 2

According to Professor Tilson’s lecture on Gothic architecture, Villard de Honnecourt’s
fame rests entirely on his
legacy of becoming the wealthiest Cardinal in France

surviving portfolio of 33 sheets of parchment containing about 250 drawings
autobiography, detailing the greatest cathedrals in France
reputation as a master builder
Question 3

The man who played a major role in the building of St. Denis was:
Le Corbusier.
Louis IX.
Villard de Honnecourt.
the Pope.

Abbot Suger.
Question 4

An unusual aspect of Salisbury Cathedral is that it:
has no tall crossing tower.
was founded by Vikings who had been converted to Christianity.
None of the answers is correct.
shows strong Norman influence, even though it was built some distance from the
French coast.

was built almost entirely in a homogenous style, the Early English style.
Question 5

A medieval manor house might include all of these EXCEPT a:
buttery or pantry.
solar.

keep.
All of the answers are correct.
hall.
Question 6

According to Professor Tilson’s lecture on Medieval and Romanesque architecture, as
Europe moved into the 11th century, the most famous pilgrimage route was _________,
a network of routes connecting holy places with the final destination being the cathedral
which reported to house the remains of this saint.

el Camino de Sant’Iago de Compostela
San Pietro in Vaticano
San Giovanni in Laterano
San d’Angers
Question 7

According to Professor Tilson’s lecture on Medieval and Romanesque architecture, after
the great Sack of Rome in August of 410, migration from large urban centers into the
country side began – creating a scattered collection of smaller, relatively self sufficient
settlements often fortified and organized around a ________.
private dwelling
piazza
palace

church
Question 8

In sharp contrast to the Cluniacs, the Cistercians:
had complex plans for monasteries based on a circular module.
built houses that were in close proximity to existing settlements.

shunned expensive materials and discouraged sculptural ornament.
produced an international set of buildings with strikingly diverse features.
allowed luxurious features like towers, stained-glass windows, or paved floors.
Question 9

The plan of the Oratory of Germigny-des-Prés suggests a connection to:
All of the answers are correct.

Byzantine architecture.
Venetian architecture.
Ostrogoth architecture.
Romanesque architecture.
Question 10

The design of the Abbey gatehouse at Lorsch, seen in the image below, was modeled
on:
the fortified gateways of Constantinople.

the Roman triumphal-arch form.
the provincial gatehouses of the Byzantine Empire.
a typical Roman city gateway.
All of the answers are correct.

Question 1

For over fifty years, Baroque work in Rome was dominated by
Michelozzo Bartolomeo

Bernini
Lorenzo de Medici
Brunelleschi
Question 2

This drawing shows the plan of ____________.
the White House in Washington, D.C.
the Palace Royale in Paris

St. Peter’s in Rome
the Covent Garden in London
Question 3

Blenheim Palace in Oxfordshire was financed by the British crown as ____________.
a suburban cattle ranch for Christopher Wren
a wedding gift for Marie Antoinette

a reward for the Duke of Marlboro
a palatial summer retreat
Question 4

According to Professor Tilson’s lecture on Baroque architecture, ________ was trained
as priest and was well educated in the classics, mathematics, and philosophy.
Bernini

Guarini
Borromini
none of the answers are correct
Question 5

According to Professor Tilson’s lecture on Baroque architecture, Guarini experimented
with two basic approaches to achieve forced perspective in his domes. One of these
approaches was
infinitesimal scale

repeating geometries
absence of color
asymmetry
Question 6

The Sfroza Chapel in S. Maria Maggiore in Rome was a revolutionary Renaissance
building because of the ____________.
time it took to construct

spatial relationship between the columns and vaults
sharp contrast between the exterior and the interior
site being on an ancient religious pilgrimage route
Question 7

In 1462, Pope Pius was the first to issue an official document forbidding

the destruction of antiquities in the Roman region
the use of concrete in dome construction
architects of the church to accept commissions from local townspeople
buildings to be constructed taller than the dome of the new St. Peter’s basilica
Question 8

According to Professor Tilson’s lecture on the Renaissance, Palladio’s death in 1580
left several notable projects either in construction or planning stages which were
inherited by Vicentine architect

Vincenzo Scamozzi
Andrea Palladio
Gian Giorgio Trissino
Inigo Jones
Question 9

According to Professor Tilson’s lecture on the Renaissance, Palladio was the first
architect to consistently graft the ________ on to the front of the country house.

temple front
double pilaster
circle window
longitudinal porch
Question 10

According to Professor Tilson’s lecture on the Renaissance, Palladio’s ________ is the
ideal type of a centralized building. It has (perhaps more than any other house)
imposed itself upon the imagination and its derivatives have enjoyed universal
distribution.
Palazzo Chiericati

Villa Capra-Rotunda
Il Redentore
Villa Trissino
Question 11

The alcove dwellings at Mesa Verde were located beneath a great mesa for
its proximity to irrigation for food cultivation
the enjoyment of the beautiful view of the landscape

protection from wind, weather and potential attackers
the extensive copper and calcite mining opportunities within the cave
Question 12

The Fali compound was formed in the shape of a circle for the purpose of
____________.

security
alignment with objects of cosmic significance
grain production
breeding livestock
Question 13

The great plaza in the foreground at the Acropolis at Tikal was intended for
____________.

ritual spectacle
open markets
ball games
legal proceedings
Question 14

According to the video Old Towns of Djenné, the Mosque in the center of the city is
constructed of sun-dried mud _____ and then the walls are covered in mud ____ which
protects the building from _____.

bricks, plaster, heat
columns, paint, insects
beams, ornament, cracking
bricks, paint, insects
Question 15

According to the video Giant Pyramids of the Ancient Aztec Empire, the Aztec city
Teotihuacán is a monumental complex of ________pyramids bisected by a grand
______.
red, street
great, avenue

step, avenue
bent, road

Question 1

McKim, Mean, and White’s plan of Pennsylvania Station in New York City took
inspiration from
the Parthenon
the Pantheon

the Roman baths
the Roman amphitheater
Question 2

John Ruskin wrote the Seven Lamps of Architecture where he
discussed seven ‘layers’ of interior design and their relationship to nature
encouraged architects to consider dividing buildings into seven distinct floors
introduced 52 pencil drawings of industrial lighting designs

criticized the immorality of industrial production and demanded a return to the tradition
of craft
Question 3

According to Professor Robinson’s lecture on Nineteenth Century architecture, Casa
Mila in Barcelona is an example of architecture of the
Expressionism
Bauhaus

Art Nouveau movement
Pop Art Movement
Question 4

According to Professor Robinson’s lecture on Nineteenth Century architecture, Gottfried
Semper, German architect and theorist, brought forth exploration into the beginnings of
architecture, exemplified by this drawing depicting
how women influenced ancient architecture
how a child learns to walk

the primitive hut
nature as an evil threat
Question 5

According to Professor Robinson’s lecture on Nineteenth Century architecture,
Georges-Eugene Haussmann was hired by Napoleon to
none of the options are correct

carve new avenues within the city of Paris
develop a new suburb on the outskirts of Paris
design the Arc de Triomphe
Question 6

This project is ____________.
the École des Beaux-Arts
a snow globe design for the Royal Academy in London Art Festival

an empty tomb for an English physicist and mathematician
You Answered
a monument erected for the 1798 World’s Fair in Paris
Question 7

Still the most admired example of campus planning in America, the University of Virginia
was called ____________ by Jefferson.
a “cathedral for learning”
a “machine for teaching”

an “academical village”
an “educational hamlet”
Question 8

Follies, fanciful structures and ruins were common architectural elements found in
Venetian paintings during the Renaissance
Pen and ink renderings by Karl Friedrich Schinkel
Gothic novels during the Middle Ages

Picturesque garden design in England during the eighteenth century
Question 9

According to the video The Restoration of Chiswick House, William Kent and Lord
Burlington merged architecture and landscape by connecting the garden with the
landscape beyond. This concept became known as the:

English landscape movement.
Palladian movement.
Modern landscape.
Roman landscape revival.
Question 10

According to Professor Robinson’s lecture on Eighteenth Century architecture, the
surrounding conditions of a place and time, both physical and intellectual are called the
setting
situation
environment

context

Question 1

Frank Lloyd Wright introduced nature into the atrium of the Larkin building by
____________.
providing large windows that overlooked the gardens

physically creating a specific space for plantings inside the building
personally asking the maintenance personnel to move large potted plants inside the
atrium
insisting on a written provision in the contract for “massed plantings at either end of the
building.”
Question 2

The International Style was characterized by

an emphasis on volume, regularity, and the intrinsic elegance of materials, perfection
and proportions
the widespread integration of global ornamentation combined into one building
the mastery of ancient methodologies as a means for futurist visionary image making
transforming existing traditional spaces into mechanized volumes through industrial
techniques
Question 3

In Ornament and Crime, Adolf Loos compares the use of ornament in architecture to
insects crawling through the subway tunnels of New York City
delectable icing on an opulent seven-layer cake
a grassy field overcome with new spring flowers

modern men with tattoos
Question 4

According to Professor Robinson’s lecture on Modernity, Frank Lloyd Wright achieved
an architecture that was
connected with the occupation of the building at every level of materiality

all of the options are correct.
connected with the landscape
fundamentally American
Question 5

According to Professor Robinson’s lecture on Modernity, the Bauhaus
was a school of design in Dessau, Germany that taught

all of the options are correct
industrial design
arts and crafts
architecture
Question 6

According to Professor Robinson’s lecture on Modernity, Henri Savage was most known
for
reinventing the construction of the stepped pyramid
idealizing Mesoamerican monuments
You Answered
using Egyptian technology to construct new civic buildings

creating futuristic cities for Paris
Question 7

According to Professor Kara’s lecture on Mid-Late Twentieth Century architecture, the
Manhattan Transcripts by Bernard Tschumi

analyzes the inherent spatiality of human movement and actions
none of the above
depicts human interaction with nature
codifies modular structures at multiple scales
Question 8

According to the video Cooper Union: Thom Mayne Tour of 41 Cooper Square, what
part of the building reduces solar heat gain in the summer and retains heat in the
winter?

facade skin
You Answered
green terrace
curved opening
diagrid atrium
Question 9

Known for his mastery of light, use of exquisite materials and monumental ‘Roman’
forms, one could make the argument that ____________ was the most original
architect of the twentieth century.
Frank Lloyd Wright

Louis Kahn
Peter Eisenman
Frank Gehry
Question 10

Glen Murcutt’s plan of the Minerals and Mining Museum is long and narrow in order to
____________.
symbolize a mine shaft
fit within the narrow confines of the industrial site
increase the walking distance from one side of the building to the other

take advantage of orientation and cross ventilation

 

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ARC 1720 Quiz

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