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Chemistry (CH 238) Nitration Of Methyl Benzoate Mechanisms

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Nitration of Methyl Benzoate Data and Mechanisms

University of Alabama at Birmingham

Organic Chemistry II Lab (CH 238)

Figure 1: Figure 1 shows the mechanism for the formation of the nitronium ion from the
reagents nitric acid and sulfuric acid.

Figure 2: Figure 2 shows the mechanism for the formation of methyl m-nitrobenzoate from the
reactants methyl benzoate and nitronium ion.

Figure 3: Figure 3 shows the mechanism for the formation of methyl o-nitrobenzoate from the
reactants methyl benzoate and nitronium ion.

Figure 4: Figure 4 shows the mechanism for the formation of methyl p-nitrobenzoate from the
reactants methyl benzoate and nitronium ion.

Equation 1: Equation 1 shows the two calculations to determine the limiting reagent.
Methyl benzoate is the limiting reagent, and 2.20×10-3 mol is the theoretical yield.

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Chemistry (CH 238) Nitration Of Methyl Benzoate Mechanisms

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