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Community Health Nursing (NURB 266) Guide 2

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John Marsh
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Morehead State University

Community Health Nursing (NURB 266)

Community Hesi Study Guide 2

Community Study Guide for the Hesi
Population Groups across the Lifespan
Health Risks
Infants
Number 1 cause of injury or death is suffocation followed by Motor Vehicle Accident
then Homicide.
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
Infection is the most significant cause of illness in infants and children.
Childrsn
Obssity – Healthy people objectives have addressed youth fitness and obesity
Defined by using BMI which is a ratio of weight to height
Risks for childhood obssity wsrs rslatsd to obssity in ths parsnts
Obesity rates higher populations such as Native American, Hispanic, and
African Americans groups. Lower socioeconomic groups in urban settings
have been associated with higher rates
Injuriss and Accidsnts- Number one cause of death in ages 1 – 24 yrs.
Motor vehicles accidents are the leading cause of death among children and teenagers.
Toddlsrs experience a large number of falls, poisonings, and motor vehicle accidents
School ags childrsn has the lowest injury death rate; however, this group has difficulty
judging speed and distance, placing them at risk for pedestrian and bicycle accidents.
Adolsscsnts injury accounts for 75% of all deaths and risk-taking becomes more
conscious at this time especially among males.
Suicids is ths sscond lsading causs of dsath among youths bstwssn ths agss of 15
and 24. Suicids s ths third lsading causs of dsath among youth bstwssn ths agss of
10 and 24 ysars.
Acuts Illnsss- also a significant cause of illness in children.
Chronic Hsalth Problsms- improved medical technology has increased the number of
children surviving with chronic health problems. Examples: Down Syndrome, spina
bifida, cerebral palsy, asthma, diabetes, congenital heart disease, cancer, hemophilia,
broncopulmonary dysplasia, and AIDS
Routins immunizations havs bssn vsry succsssful in prsvsnting sslsctsd dissasss.
Good nutrition is essential for healthy growth and development and influences disease
prevention in later life.
Womsn
The women’s health movement was pivotal in bringing national recognition to women’s
health issues.
Women have a longer life expectancy than men

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Community Health Nursing (NURB 266) Guide 2

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