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Distillation Organic Chemistry Lab Report

James Moore
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Experiment 1: Simple and Fractional Distillation of a Binary Mixture

Introduction/ Background:
Distillation is a process that is used to purify and identify organic compounds1
Moreover, the process of distillation can be applied to every day life. For example, vodka
is distilled, which increases the concentration of ethanol, in order to make it stronger2
Distillation occurs when a liquid is heated to a boiling point and the vapors condense
above the boiling point1

. The whole process consists of three general steps: separation,

evaporation and condensation1

. The capacity to separate a mixture of different liquids

depends on each of the liquids ability to vaporize1

. The liquid that contains the highest
vapor pressure is always higher in concentration and will therefore be collected first1
There are two different vaporization techniques that can be implemented in an organic
chemistry laboratory: simple distillation and fractional distillation1

. Simple distillation
takes the boiling liquid in a distilling flask and directs the liquids vapors through a


Distillation Organic Chemistry Lab Report

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