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Distillation Organic Chemistry Lab Report

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James Moore
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Experiment 1: Simple and Fractional Distillation of a Binary Mixture

Introduction/ Background:
Distillation is a process that is used to purify and identify organic compounds1
.
Moreover, the process of distillation can be applied to every day life. For example, vodka
is distilled, which increases the concentration of ethanol, in order to make it stronger2
.
Distillation occurs when a liquid is heated to a boiling point and the vapors condense
above the boiling point1

. The whole process consists of three general steps: separation,

evaporation and condensation1

. The capacity to separate a mixture of different liquids

depends on each of the liquids ability to vaporize1

. The liquid that contains the highest
vapor pressure is always higher in concentration and will therefore be collected first1
.
There are two different vaporization techniques that can be implemented in an organic
chemistry laboratory: simple distillation and fractional distillation1

. Simple distillation
takes the boiling liquid in a distilling flask and directs the liquids vapors through a
condenser1

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Distillation Organic Chemistry Lab Report

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