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EMT A150 Emt-1/Basic Patients must Inhale All Medication Orange Coast College

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Patients must inhale all medication

EMT A150 Emt-1/Basic Patients must Inhale All Medication Orange Coast College

Activated charcoal (actidose with sorbitol)
 Action:
Absorbs toxic substance in the digestive tract.
 Indications:
Most oral poisonings; overdoes
 Contraindications:
Decreased level of consciousness; overdose of corrosives, caustic or petroleum
substance.
 Route:
PO
 Side Effects:
Nausea vomiting, constipation, black stools.
 Interactions:
Bonds with and inactivates most medications/ substance in the digestive tract.
 Adult Dose:
1 to 2 g/kg
Administration Concerns:
Stain clothing; do not give when giving other PO medications.
Aspirin (Bayer)
 Action:
Anti-inflammatory agent and anti-fever agent; prevents platelets from clumping, thereby
decreasing formation of new clots.
 Indications:
Hypersensitivity; recent PO bleeding.
 Routes
PO
 Side Effects:
Nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, bleeding, allergic reactions.
 Interactions:
Caution should be used in patient who are taking anticoagulants.
 Adult Dose
160mg to 325 mg; 160- to 325mg chewable tablets for chest pain.
 Administration Concerns
Do not administer for pain caused by trauma or for fevers in children; patients with chest pain
must be able to chew tablets.
Common fast acting MDI (albuterol Proventil, Ventolin)
 Action
Stimulates nervous system, causing bronchodilation
 Indications
Asthma, difficulty breathing with wheezing.
 Contraindication
Hypersensitivity; tachycardia; chest pain of chest pain of cardiac origin.
 Routes
 Side Effects
Hypertension, tachycardia, anxiety, restlessness.
 Adult Dose
1 to 2 inhalations; wait 5 minutes before repeating dose.
 Administration Concerns
Patients must inhale all medication in one breath; coach patient to hold breath for 5 seconds after
inhalation.
Epinephrine
 Action
Stimulates nervous system, causing bronchodilation
 Indications
Anaphylactic reaction
 Contraindications
Chest pain of cardiac origin; hypothermia; hypertension.
 Routes
IM
 Side Effects
Hypertension; tachycardia, anxiety, restlessness.
 Interactions
Increase effects of other nervous system stimulates.
 Adult dose
 Administration Concerns
Medication will last approximately 5 minutes; do not repeat dose; ensure ALS is in route for
continuing treatment.
Naloxone (Narcan, EVIZIO autoinjector)
 Action
Reverse respiratory depression secondary to opioid overdose.
 Indications
Opioid poisoning.
 Contraindications
Hypersensitivity
 Routes
IM, IN
 Side Effects
Nausea, vomiting.
 Interactions
Additional doses may be required for severe opioid overdose.
 Adult Dose
0.4 mg auto-injector; 2 mg IN
 Administration Concerns
Patients may wake up combative.
Nitroglycerin (Nitrostat, Nitromist)
 Action

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EMT A150 Emt-1/Basic Patients must Inhale All Medication Orange Coast College

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