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Fonetyka (FON2018) Moodle Up Krakow-Manner Of articulation

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Sandra Watson
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A plosive is a consonant articulation with the following characteriscs:
— one articulator is moved against another so as to form a stricture that allows no
air to escape from the vocal tract. Thus the stricture is total .
— after the air has been compressed behind the stricture, it is then released
abruptly.
— the escape of air will produce noise loud enough to be heard, which is called
plosion.
English has six plosive consonants, which come in voiced/voiceless pairs:
/b/ and /p/, which are bilabial, /d/ and /t/, which are alveolar and /g/ and /k/,
which are velar . There is one more plosive consonant, which occurs dialectally and
may be treated as a variant. It is the glottal plosive [ʔ].
/b, d, g/ are voiced . They are also described as lenis (meaning ‘weak”) because they
are articulated with less force.
/p,t, k/ are voiceless. They are also described as fortis (meaning ‘strong”) because
they are articulated with more force. The voiceless plosives become aspirated, that is
accompanied by a puff of air, when they appear at the beginning of a stressed
syllable.
Fricatives are consonants with the characteristic that, when they are produced, air
escapes through a narrow passage making a hissing sound.

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Fonetyka (FON2018) Moodle Up Krakow-Manner Of articulation

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