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Foundations Of Nursing (NCS1201) Complete Study Guide

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Edith Cowan University

Foundations of Nursing (NCS1201)

Complete Study Guide – Fundamentals of Nursing – Questions/Answers

Contents
UNIT 1 NURSING AND THE HEALTH CARE
ENVIRONMENT
1 Nursing Today, 1
2 The Health Care Delivery System, 4
3 Community-Based Nursing Practice, 7
4 Theoretical Foundations of Nursing Practice, 9
5 Evidence-Based Practice, 11
UNIT 2 CARING THROUGHOUT THE LIFE SPAN
6 Health and Wellness, 14
7 Caring in Nursing Practice, 18
8 Caring for the Cancer Survivor, 21
9 Culture and Ethnicity, 23
10 Caring for Families, 26
11 Developmental Theories, 30
12 Conception Through Adolescence, 33
13 Young and Middle Adults, 41
14 Older Adults, 46
UNIT 3 CRITICAL THINKING IN NURSING
PRACTICE
15 Critical Thinking in Nursing Practice, 51
16 Nursing Assessment, 54
17 Nursing Diagnosis, 57
18 Planning Nursing Care, 60
19 Implementing Nursing Care, 64
20 Evaluation, 67
21 Managing Patient Care, 70
UNIT 4 PROFESSIONAL STANDARDS IN
NURSING PRACTICE
22 Ethics and Values, 72
23 Legal Implications in Nursing Practice, 75
24 Communication, 78
25 Patient Education, 84
26 Documentation and Informatics, 88
UNIT 5 FOUNDATIONS FOR NURSING PRACTICE
27 Patient Safety, 92
28 Infection Prevention and Control, 96
29 Vital Signs, 103
30 Health Assessment and Physical Examination, 110
31 Medication Administration, 126
32 Complementary and Alternative Therapies, 136
UNIT 6 PSYCHOSOCIAL BASIS FOR NURSING
PRACTICE
33 Self-Concept, 140
34 Sexuality, 144
35 Spiritual Health, 148
36 The Experience of Loss, Death, and Grief, 152
37 Stress and Coping, 156
UNIT 7 PHYSIOLOGICAL BASIS FOR NURSING
PRACTICE
38 Activity and Exercise, 160
39 Hygiene, 164
40 Oxygenation, 169
41 Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance, 176
42 Sleep, 184
43 Pain Management, 189
44 Nutrition, 195
45 Urinary Elimination, 203
46 Bowel Elimination, 209
47 Mobility and Immobility, 216
48 Skin Integrity and Wound Care, 220
49 Sensory Alterations, 227
50 Care of Surgical Patients, 233
Answer Key, 245

Introduction
The Study Guide for Fundamentals of Nursing, eighth
edition, has been developed to encourage independent
learning for beginning nursing students. As a beginning
nursing student, you may be wondering, “How will I
possibly learn all of the material in this chapter?” The
essential objective of this Study Guide is to assist you
in this endeavor by helping you learn what you need
to know and then testing what you have learned with
hundreds of review questions.
This Study Guide follows the textbook layout chapter
for chapter. For each chapter your instructor assigns, you
will use the same chapter number in this Study Guide.
The outline format has been designed to help you learn
to read nursing content more effectively and with greater
understanding. Each chapter of this Study Guide has
several sections to assist you to comprehend and recall.
The Preliminary Reading section is designed to teach
prereading strategies. You will become familiar with
the chapter by first reading the chapter title, key terms,
objectives, key points (found at the end of each chapter), and main headings. Also pay close attention to all
illustrations, tables, and boxes. This can be done rather
quickly and will give you an overall idea of the content
of the chapter.
Next you will find the Comprehensive Understanding
section, which is in outline format. This will prove to be
a very valuable tool not only as you first read the chapter
but also as you review for exams. This outline identifies
both topics and main ideas for each chapter as an aid to
concentration, comprehension, and retention of textbook
information. By completing this outline, you will learn
to “pull-out” key information in the chapter. You will be
reinforcing that content as you write the answers in the
Study Guide. Once completed, this outline will serve as
a review tool for exams.
The Review Questions in each chapter provide a valuable means of testing and reinforcing your knowledge
of the material. All questions are multiple choice. As
a further means for independent learning, each answer
requires a rationale (the reason why the option you
selected is correct). After you have completed the review
questions, you can check the answers in the back of the
Study Guide.
Chapters 27, 33-38, 40, 42-45, and 48-50 include
exercises based on the care plans and concept maps
found in the text. These exercises provide practice in synthesizing nursing process and critical thinking as you, the
nurse, care for patients. Taking one aspect of the nursing
process, you will be asked to imagine you are the nurse
in the case study and write your answers in the appropriate boxes. You will have to think about what knowledge,
experiences, standards, and attitudes might be used in
caring for the patient.
When you finish answering the review questions and
exercises, take a few minutes for self-evaluation using
the Answer Key. If you answered a question incorrectly,
begin to analyze the thoughts that led you to the wrong
answer:
■ Did you miss the key word or phrase?
■ Did you read into something that wasn’t stated?
■ Did you not understand the subject matter?
■ Did you use an incorrect rationale for selecting your
response?
Each incorrect response is an opportunity to learn.
Go back to the text and reread any content that is still
unclear. In the long run, it will be a time-saving activity.
The learning activities presented in this Study Guide
will assist you in completing the semester with a firm
understanding of nursing concepts and process that you
can rely on for your entire professional career.

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Foundations Of Nursing (NCS1201) Complete Study Guide

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