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Fundamentals I (NR224) Exam 1 - CH15 Ch16 Ch28

John Marsh
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Chamberlain College of Nursing

Fundamentals I (NR224)

Exam 1 – CH15, Ch 16, Ch 28

Critical thinking
Three levels of critical thinking in nursing:
 Basic- the learner trusts that experts have the right answers for every problem, thinking
is concrete and based on a set of rules or principles.
 Complex- learners begin to separate themselves from experts and analyze and examine
choices more independently.
 Commitment-learners anticipate the need to make choices without assistance from
others and accept accountability.
Concept map- is a visual representation of patient problems and interventions that shows their
relationships to one another.
Perseverance- a critical thinker is determined to find effective solutions to patient care
Integrity- critical thinkers’ question and test their own knowledge and beliefs.
Humility- it is important for you to admit to any limitations in your knowledge and skill. Critical
thinkers admit what they do not know and try to find the knowledge needed to mak a proper
Gordon Health Patterns:
Health perception–health management pattern: Describes patient’s self-report of health and wellbeing,
how patient manages health (e.g., frequency of health care provider visits, adherence to
therapies at home), knowledge of preventive health practices
Nutritional-metabolic pattern: Describes patient’s daily/weekly pattern of food and fluid intake (e.g.,
food preferences or restrictions, special diet, appetite), actual weight, weight loss or gain
Elimination pattern: Describes patterns of excretory function (bowel, bladder, and skin)
Activity-exercise pattern: Describes patterns of exercise, activity, leisure, and recreation; ability to
perform activities of daily living
Sleep-rest pattern: Describes patterns of sleep, rest, and relaxation
Cognitive-perceptual pattern: Describes sensory-perceptual patterns: language adequacy, memory,
decision-making ability
Self-perception–self-concept pattern: Describes patient’s self-concept pattern and perceptions of
self (e.g., self-concept/worth, emotional patterns, body image)
Role-relationship pattern: Describes patient’s patterns of role engagements and relationships



Fundamentals I (NR224) Exam 1 - CH15 Ch16 Ch28

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