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Fundamentals I (NR224) Exam 1

John Marsh
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Chamberlain College of Nursing

Fundamentals I (NR224)

Funds Exam 1

Fundamentals – Exam 1
Chapter 15 – Critical Thinking
 RN is responsible for making decisions on the basis of clinical information
 Basic Critical Thinking
– Learner trusts that experts have the right answers for every problem.
– Thinking is concrete and based on a set of rules or principles
 Complex Critical Thinking
– Separates thinking from experts
– Alternative approaches
– Examines choices more independently
– Each solution has benefits and risks that are weighed before making a final decision
– There are options
– Thinking is more creative and innovative
– Willing to consider different options from routine procedures
 Commitment
– Anticipate when to make choices without assistance from others
– Accept accountability for decisions made
Critical Thinking Competencies:
 Scientific Method
– Methodical
– Uses reasoning to solve problems
– Looks for truth and verifies that a set of facts agrees with reality
– 5 steps:
1) Identify the problem
2) Collect Data
3) Formulate a question or hypothesis
4) Test the question or hypothesis
5) Evaluate results of the test or study
 Problem Solving
– Involves evaluating a situation overtime, identifying possible solutions, and trying a
solution over time to make sure that it is effective
 Decision Making
Specific Critical Thinking
 Diagnostic Reasoning and Inference
– Analytical process for determining a patient’s health problems
– Requires you to assign meaning to behaviors and physical signs and symptoms
presented by a patient.



Fundamentals I (NR224) Exam 1

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