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GCU NUR643E Midterm Exam Latest Answers

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John Marsh
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NUR643E Midterm Exam Answer GCU

Advanced Health Assessment for Nurse Educators

1)Adam is a very successful 15-year-old student and athlete His mother brings him in
today because he no longer studies, works out, or sees his friends This has gone on for
a month and a half When you speak with him alone in the room, he states it “would be
better if I was not here ” What would you do next?
a Tell him that he has a very promising career in anything he chooses and
soon he will feel better
b Tell him that he needs an antidepressant and it will take about 4 weeks to
work
c Speak with his mother about getting him together more with his friends
d Assess his suicide risk

2)Mr Chin is an 82-year-old man who presents to your office for a routine check On
examination, you notice a somewhat high-pitched murmur in the second right intercostal
space during systole It does not radiate and the rest of his examination is normal for his
age Which is true of the most likely cause of this murmur?
a It often increases carotid upstroke
b It carries with it increased risk for cardiovascular disease
c It is usually accompanied by an S3 gallop
d It is found in 10% of otherwise normal elderly patients

3)Mrs Fletcher complains of numbness of her right hand On examination, sensation of
the volar aspect of the web of the thumb and index finger and the pulp of the middle
finger are normal The pulp of the index finger has decreased sensation Which of the
following is affected?
a Median nerve
b Ulnar nerve
c Radial nerve

4)You are assessing a patient for peripheral vascular disease in the arms, secondary to
a complaint of increased weakness and a history of coronary artery disease and
diabetes You assess the brachial and radial pulses and note that they are bounding
What does that translate to on a scale of 0 to 3?
a 0
b 3+
c 2+
d 1+

5)A 70-year-old retired auto mechanic presents to your office because his neighbor is
concerned about his memory The patient himself admits to misplacing his keys more
often and forgets what he is supposed to buy from the grocery store and where he has
parked the car He denies getting lost in familiar places Upon further questioning, he
states that his wife of 40 years died 8 months ago; his three children live in three
different states; and he has limited his activities because the people he interacted with
were “his wife’s friends, not his ” He drinks a six-pack of beer daily; he does not smoke
or use illicit drugs You perform a mini-mental state examination and obtain a total score
of 24 out of 28 Based on this information, what is the most likely condition?
a Benign forgetfulness
b Dementia
c Meningitis
d Depression

6)You are screening people at the mall as part of a health fair The first person who
presents for screening has a blood pressure of 132/85 How would you categorize this?
a Normal
b Prehypertension
c Stage 1 hypertension
d Stage 2 hypertension

7)A 17-year-old high school senior presents to your clinic in acute respiratory distress
Between shallow breaths, he states he was at home finishing his homework when he
suddenly began having right-sided chest pain and severe shortness of breath He
denies any recent traumas or illnesses His past medical history is unremarkable He
doesn’t smoke but drinks several beers on the weekend He has tried marijuana several
times but denies any other illegal drugs He is an honors student and is on the
basketball team His parents are both in good health He denies any recent weight gain,
weight loss, fever, or night sweats On examination you see a tall, thin young man in
obvious distress He is diaphoretic and is breathing at a rate of 35 breaths per minute
On auscultation, you hear no breath sounds on the right side of his superior chest wall
On percussion, he is hyperresonant over the right upper lobe With palpation, he has
absent fremitus over the right upper lobe
What disorder of the thorax or lung best describes his symptoms?
a Spontaneous pneumothorax
b Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
c Asthma
d Pneumonia

8)When assessing the lung fields, what does the technique of percussion look for?
a Consolidation
b Rales
c Wheezing
d Rhonchi

9)Which of the following events occurs at the start of diastole?
a Closure of the tricuspid valve
b Opening of the pulmonic valve
c Closure of the aortic valve
d Production of the first heart sound (S1)

10)A pregnant woman finally presents in for her prenatal checkup She complains today
of headache and abdominal pain of several months’ duration She appears somewhat
hurried or nervous What question would you ask next?
a Do you have a family history of thyroid disease?
b Have you been eating properly and taking a prenatal vitamin?
c Do you feel safe at home?
d How much activity have you been able to fit into your schedule?

11)You are a student in the vascular surgery clinic You are asked to perform a physical
examination on a patient with known peripheral vascular disease in the legs Which of
the following aspects is important to note when you perform your examination?
a Size, symmetry, and skin color
b Muscle bulk and tone
c Nodules in joints
d Lower extremity strength

12)Mrs Fletcher presents to your office with unilateral pain during chewing, which is
chronic She does not have facial tenderness or tenderness of the scalp Which of the
following is the most likely cause of her pain?
a Trigeminal neuralgia
b Temporomandibular joint syndrome
c Temporal arteritis
d Tumor of the mandible

13)On the way to see your next patient, you glance at the calendar and make a mental
note to buy a Mother’s Day card Your patient is Ms Hernandez, a 76-year-old widow
who lost her husband in May, 2 years ago She presents today with complaints including
headaches, abdominal pain, and general malaise This happened once before, about a
year ago, according to your detailed office notes You have done a thorough evaluation
but are unable to arrive at a consistent picture to tie these symptoms together
This is an example of a:
a Pathophysiologic problem
b Psychopathologic problem

14)Which of the following is most likely benign on breast examination?
a Dimpling of the skin resembling that of an orange
b One breast larger than the other
c One nipple inverted
d One breast with dimple when the patient leans forward

15)A 55-year-old secretary with a recent history of breast cancer, for which she
underwent surgery and radiation therapy, and a history of hypertension presents to your
office for a routine checkup Which of the following aspects of the physical are important
to note when assessing the patient for peripheral vascular disease in the arms?
a Femoral pulse, popliteal pulse
b Dorsalis pedis pulse, posterior tibial pulse
c Carotid pulse
d Radial pulse, brachial pulse

16)A 58-year-old teacher presents to your clinic with a complaint of breathlessness with
activity The patient has no chronic conditions and does not take any medications,
herbs, or supplements Which of the following symptoms is appropriate to ask about in
the cardiovascular review of systems?
a Abdominal pain
b Orthopnea
c Hematochezia
d Tenesmus

17)You are obtaining an arterial blood gas in the radial artery on a retired cab driver who
has been hospitalized in the intensive care unit for a stroke You are concerned about
the possibility of arterial insufficiency You perform the Allen test This means that you:
a Checked for patency of the popliteal artery
b Checked for patency of the brachial artery
c Checked for patency of the ulnar artery
d Checked for patency of the femoral artery

18)Ray works a physical job and notes pain when he attempts to lift his arm over his
head When you move the shoulder passively, he has full range of motion without pain
and there is no gross swelling or tenderness What type of joint disease does this most
likely represent?
a Articular
b Extra-articular
c Neither
d Both

19)A 62-year-old construction worker presents to your clinic complaining of almost a
year of chronic cough and occasional shortness of breath Although he has had
worsening of symptoms occasionally with a cold, his symptoms have stayed about the
same The cough has occasional mucous drainage but never any blood He denies any
chest pain He has had no weight gain, weight loss, fever, or night sweats His past
medical history is significant for high blood pressure and arthritis He has smoked two
packs a day for the past 45 years He drinks occasionally but denies any illegal drug
use He is married and has two children He denies any foreign travel His father died of
a heart attack and his mother died of Alzheimer’s disease On examination you see a
man looking slightly older than his stated age His blood pressure is 130/80 and his
pulse is 88 He is breathing comfortably with respirations of 12 His head, eyes, ears,
nose, and throat examinations are unremarkable His cardiac examination is normal On
examination of his chest, the diameter seems enlarged Breath sounds are decreased
throughout all lobes Rhonchi are heard over all lung fields There is no area of dullness
and no increased or decreased fremitus
What thorax or lung disorder is most likely causing his symptoms?
a Spontaneous pneumothorax
b Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
c Asthma
d Pneumonia

20)You are going to obtain a social history on an early adolescent boy How should you
proceed to obtain the best information?
a Ask his mother to leave the room
b Ask if he would prefer his mother to leave the room
c Ask your questions with his mother in the room
d Ask his mother how she would like to proceed

21)A patient presents with claudication symptoms and diminished pulses Which of the
following is consistent with chronic arterial insufficiency?
a Pallor of the foot when raised to 60 degrees for up to two minutes
b Return of color to the skin within 5 seconds of allowing legs to dangle
c Filling of the veins of the ankles within 10 seconds of allowing the legs to dangle
d Hyperpigmentation of the skin

22)A patient presents with claudication symptoms and diminished pulses Which of the
following is consistent with chronic arterial insufficiency?
a Pallor of the foot when raised to 60 degrees for up to two minutes
b Return of color to the skin within 5 seconds of allowing legs to dangle
c Filling of the veins of the ankles within 10 seconds of allowing the legs to dangle
d Hyperpigmentation of the skin

23)A 75-year-old retired teacher presents to your clinic complaining of severe,
unrelenting anterior chest pain radiating to her back She describes it as if someone is
“ripping out her heart ” It began less than an hour ago She states she is feeling very
nauseated and may pass out She denies any trauma or recent illnesses She states
she has never had pain like this before Nothing seems to make the pain better or
worse Her medical history consists of difficult-to-control hypertension and coronary
artery disease requiring two stents in the past She is a widow She denies any alcohol,
tobacco, or illegal drug use Her mother died of a stroke, and her father died of a heart
attack She has one younger brother who has had bypass surgery On examination, you
see an elderly female in a great deal of distress She is lying on the table, curled up,
holding her left and right arms against her chest and is restless, trying to find a
comfortable position Her blood pressure is 180/110 in the right arm and 130/60 in the
left arm, and her pulse is 120 Her right carotid pulse is bounding, but the left carotid
pulse is weak She is afebrile but her respirations are 24 times a minute On
auscultation, her lungs are clear and her cardiac examination is unremarkable You call
EMS and have her taken to the hospital’s ER for further evaluation
What disorder of the chest best describes her symptoms?
a Angina pectoris
b Pericarditis
c Possible Dissecting aortic aneurysm
d Pleural pain

24)You note a painful ulcerative lesion near the medial malleolus, with accompanying
hyperpigmentation Which of the following etiologies is most likely?
a Arterial insufficiency
b Neuropathic ulcer
c Venous insufficiency
d Trauma

25)You notice a patient has a strong pulse and then a weak pulse This pattern
continues Which of the following is likely?
a Emphysema
b Asthma exacerbation
c Severe left heart failure
d Cardiac tamponade

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