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History 1301-Ch. 11 - Foner, Eric. Give Me Liberty! Seagull Edition

James Moore
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1. Southern economic growth was different from northern.a. There were few large cities in the South.b. The cities were mainly centers for gathering and shipping cotton.2. New Orleans was the only city of significant size in the South.a. New Orleans had a large immigrant population.b. With its French and Caribbean heritage, it had a distinctive culture.3. The region produced less than 10 percent of the

nation’s manufactured goods.4. Slavery proved very profitable for most owners.E. Plain Folk of the Old South1. Thre

e-fourths of white southerners did not own slaves.2. Most white southerners lived on self-sufficient farms.a.

They were not integrated into the market economy.b. This is the main reason that the South did not develop much industry.3. Most whites supported slavery.a. A few, like Andrew Johnson and Joseph Brown, spoke out against the planter elite.b. Most white southerners supported the planter elite and slavery because of shared bondsof regional loyalty, racism, and kinship ties.F. The Planter Class1. In 1850, m

ost slaveholding families owned five or fewer slaves.2. Fewer than 2,000 families owned 100 slaves or more.3. Ownership of slaves provided the route to wealth, status, and influence.4. Slav

ery was a profit-making system.a

. Men watched the world market for cotton, invested in infrastructure, and carefully managed every detail of their plantations.b. Plantation mistresses cared for sick slaves, ove

rsaw the domestic servants, and supervised the plantation when the master was away.5. Southern slaveowners spent much of their money on material goods.a. The

wealthiest spent money on lavish entertainment, vacations, and elegant mansions.G. The Paternalist Ethos1. Southern s

laveowners were committed to a hierarchical, agrarian society



History 1301-Ch. 11 - Foner, Eric. Give Me Liberty! Seagull Edition

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