Have a question?
Message sent Close

History 1301-Ch. 15 - Foner, Eric. Give Me Liberty!

James Moore
0 reviews
  • Description
  • Full Document

1. The Reconstruction-era debates over transitioning from slavery to freedom had parallels in other Western Hemisphere countries where emancipation occurred in the nineteenth century.a. Generally, planters encouraged or required former slaves to work on plantations, while former slaves sought to assert independence in their daily lives.b. Planters sought other laborers to replace their slave forces (British Caribbean planters brought workers from India, while southern U.S. planters recruited some workers fromChina).2. Only in the United States did former slaves gain political rights quickly.a. Right to voteIII. The Making of Radical ReconstructionA. Andrew Johnson1. Johnson identified himself as the champion of the “honest yeomen” and a foe of large planters.2. Johnson lacked Lincoln’s political skills and keen sense of public opinion.3. Johnson believed that African-Americans had no role to play in Reconstruction.B. The Failure of Presidential Reconstruction1. Johnson’s plan for Reconstruction offered pardons to the white southern elite.2. Johnson’s plan allowed the new state governments a free hand in managing local affairs.3. At first, many northerners were willing to give Johnson’s plan a chance.a. But the conduct of white southerners turned the Republican North against the plan.C. The Black Codes1. Southern governments began passing new laws that restricted the freedom of blacks.2. These new laws violated free labor principles and called forth a vigorous response from the Republican North.a. Few groups of rebels in history have been treated more leniently than the defeated Confederates.b. North was motivated by a desire not to “punish” but to ensure emancipation of slaves.D. The Radical Republicans1. Radical Republicans called for the dissolution of Johnson’s state governments and the establishment of new ones that did not have “rebels” in power and which gave blacks the right to vote.2. The Radicals fully embraced the expanded powers of the federal government born of the Civil War.
a. Charles Summerb. Thaddeus Stevens3. Thaddeus Stevens’s most cherished aim was to confiscate the land of disloyal planters and divide it among former slaves and northern migrants to the South.a. His plan was too radical for most others in Congress.E. The Origins of Civil Rights


History 1301-Ch. 15 - Foner, Eric. Give Me Liberty!

NOTE: Please check the details before purchasing the document.