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Medical Surgical Nursing I (NURSU 454) Atraumatic Care

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Sandra Watson
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Atraumatic care teaching and techniques

  • UniversityMedical University of South Carolina
  • CourseMedical Surgical Nursing I (NURSU 454)

TABLE 30.3 COMMUNICATING EFFECTIVELY WITH CHILDREN
Age Techniques
Infants • Respond to crying in a timely fashion.
• Allow the infant time to warm up to you.
• Use a soothing and calming tone when speaking to the infant.
• Talk to the infant directly.
• Communication through play may be helpful with older infants.
• Watch for signs of overstimulation such as closing eyes, turning away, yawning, and
irritability.
Toddlers • Approach toddlers carefully; they are often not only fearful but also quite resistant.
• Use the toddler’s preferred words for objects or actions so he or she is better able to
understand.
• Toddlers enjoy stories, dolls, and books.
• Participate in parallel play to help start communication.
• Prepare toddlers for procedures just before they are about to occur.
Preschoolers
• Use play, puppets, or storytelling via a third-party approach.
• Speak honestly.
• Use simple, concrete terms.
• Ask specific questions.
• Allow the child to have choices as appropriate.
• Participate in imaginative play to help open communication.
• Prepare preschoolers about 1 hour prior to a procedure.
School-age
children
• Use diagrams, illustrations, books, and videos.
• Allow the child to honestly express feelings.

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Medical Surgical Nursing I (NURSU 454) Atraumatic Care

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