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NEUR2000 Introduction to Neuroscience University of Guelph

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University of Guelph

NEUR2000 Introduction to Neuroscience University of Guelph

Test Bank
to accompany
Neuroscience, Sixth Edition
Purves • Augustine • Fitzpatrick • Hall • LaMantia • Mooney • Platt • White
Chapter 18: Modulation of Movement by the Basal Ganglia
Multiple Choice
1. Which nuclei comprise the striatum?
a. Globus pallidus and caudate
b. Putamen and pallidum
c. Caudate and substantia nigra pars compacta
d. Putamen and caudate
e. Pallidum and substantia nigra pars compacta
Textbook Reference: Projections to the Basal Ganglia
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remembering
2. Where are medium spiny neurons located?
a. Striatum
b. Pallidum
c. Globus pallidus
d. Substantia nigra pars compacta
e. Subthalamic nucleus
Textbook Reference: Projections to the Basal Ganglia
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remembering
3. Output from the basal ganglia projects from which structures?
a. Globus pallidus and caudate
b. Putamen and pallidum
c. Globus pallidus and substantia nigra pars reticulata
d. Putamen and caudate
e. Pallidum and substantia nigra pars compacta
Textbook Reference: Projections to the Basal Ganglia
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remembering
4. Which regions of the cerebral cortex project directly to the striatum?
a. Association areas of the frontal and parietal lobes
b. Temporal lobe
c. Insular cortex
d. Cingulate cortex
e. Nearly all regions of the cerebral cortex
Textbook Reference: Projections to the Basal Ganglia
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remembering
5. Refer to the figure.
Which region of the basal ganglia is indicated by the asterisk?
a. Striatum
b. Pallidum
c. Globus pallidus
d. Substantia nigra pars compacta
e. Subthalamic nucleus
Textbook Reference: Projections to the Basal Ganglia
Bloom’s Level: 4. Analyzing
6. What evidence suggests that medium spiny neurons are associated with a decision to move?
a. Cortical areas concerned with the hand converge in a different striatum area than cortical areas
concerned with the leg.
b. Neurons in the putamen and caudate discharge seconds before the initiation of movement.
c. The more extensively interconnected the area of cortex, the greater the overlap in their
projections to the striatum.
d. Staining of the striatum reveals patches surrounded by matrix.
e. Input and output into the different components of the striatum is unique.
Textbook Reference: Projections to the Basal Ganglia
Bloom’s Level: 4. Analyzing
7. Which neurons do not directly synapse on the striatum?
a. Cortical neurons
b. Local circuit neurons
c. α motor neurons
d. Thalamic neurons
e. Dopaminergic neurons from the brainstem
Textbook Reference: Projections to the Basal Ganglia
Bloom’s Level: 2. Understanding
8. Dopaminergic neurons that synapse on medium spiny neurons originate from which brain
region?
a. Substantia nigra pars reticulata
b. Pallidum
c. Globus pallidus
d. Substantia nigra pars compacta
e. Subthalamic nucleus
Textbook Reference: Projections to the Basal Ganglia
Bloom’s Level: 2. Understanding
9. The transmitter for the medium spiny neurons of the striatum is
a. glutamate.
b. GABA.
c. dopamine.
d. serotonin,
e. norepinephrine.
Textbook Reference: Projections from the Basal Ganglia to Other Brain Regions
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remembering
10. There is a high degree of convergence from the medium spiny neurons to the neurons of the
_______ and _______.
a. caudate; putamen
b. globus pallidus; substantia nigra pars compacta
c. caudate; substantia nigra pars reticulata
d. globus pallidus; substantia nigra pars reticulata
e. putamen; substantia nigra pars compacta
Textbook Reference: Projections from the Basal Ganglia to Other Brain Regions
Bloom’s Level: 2. Understanding
11. Efferent neurons from the globus pallidus that influence the activity of the motor areas of the
cortex arise from the _______ segment and relay in the _______ before reaching the cortex.
a. internal; VA/VL thalamic nuclei
b. external; VA/VL thalamic nuclei
c. internal; substantia nigra pars compacta
d. external; substantia nigra pars compacta
e. internal; substantia nigra pars reticulata

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NEUR2000 Introduction to Neuroscience University of Guelph

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