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NR 324 ADULT HEALTH Awesome Physical Assessment

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John Marsh
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Chamberlain College of Nursing

NR 324 ADULT HEALTH

Awesome physical assessment

Objectives:
 Obtain physical data about the client’s functional
abilities
 Supplement, confirm, or refuse data obtained in the
nursing history
 Obtain data that will help the nurse data establish
nursing diagnoses and plan the client’s care.
 Evaluate the physiologic outcomes of health care and
thus the progress of a patient’s health problem
 Screen presence of cancer
CEPHALOCAUDAL ORDER OF EXAMINATION
AREAS
 HEENT
 NECK
 UPPER EXTREMITIES
 CHEST AND BACK
 BREAST AND AXILLAE
 ABDOMEN
 GENITALS
 ANUS AND RECTUM
 LOWER EXTREMITIES
Note: SKIN IS CHECK THROUGHTOUT THE
ASSESSMENT
General Concepts:
Approach the client calmly and confidently.
Provide privacy.
Make sure that all needed instruments are
available before starting the physical assessment
Several positions are frequently required
during the assessment. Consider the client’s
ability to assume a position.
Be systematic and organized when assessing
the client. (Inspection, Palpation,
Percussion, Auscultation If a client is
seriously ill, assess the systems of the body
that are more at risk
Perform painful procedures at the end of the
examination
METHODS OF EXAMINING
 INSPECTION
 PALPATION
 PERCUSSION
 AUSCULTATION

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NR 324 ADULT HEALTH Awesome Physical Assessment

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