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(NRSG 206) NRSG 206 PEDS EXAM1 Childrearing Families

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John Marsh
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NRSG 206 PEDS EXAM1 NOTES

  • UniversityIvy Tech Community College of Indiana
  • CourseNursing Care of Childbearing and Childrearing Families (NRSG 206)

 Growth: measured typically by height, weight, and head circumference
 Development: refers to the progression toward maturity in mental, physical,
and social markers of normal development
 Anticipatory guidance: an example of this is discussing additional home
safety with a parent when a child is approaching the age for crawling. Parents
should be cautioned to think about installing a gate in front of a stairway and
removing products or installing a lock on accessible cabinets where hazardous
materials are stored. ***Must be provided in a timely manner. Information
given too early is forgotten by the time it is needed. Given too late, parents may
have already addressed the issue and possibly not in the most growth
enhancing way for their child.
 Maturation is a synonym for development
 Temperament: the typical way a child reacts to situations. It is the usual
reaction pattern of an individual or an individual’s characteristic manner of
thinking, behaving, or reacting to stimuli in the environment.
 Genetic and environmental influences are primary factors in determining if a
child will be able to reach his or her genetic potential
 NUTRITION
o Carbohydrates: main and preferred fuel of the body to supply energy
o Fat: Second source of energy for the body
o Protein: major component of bones skin, hair, and muscle and is
responsible for a wide variety of essential functions in the body.
o Vitamins: organic compounds essential for specific metabolic actions in
cells
o Minerals: Necessary for building new cells as well as for the regulation
of body processes such as fluid and electrolyte balance, nerve
transmission, and muscle contractions, making them vital for optimal
health in a growing infant or child
o Iron: because there may be an association between iron-deficiency
anemia and learning deficits, children need to consume good sources of
iron
 Choose a diet moderate in sugars
 Choose a diet moderate in salt and sodium
 If drinking alcoholic beverages, do so in moderation
 Eat a variety of foods
 Choose a diet with plenty of grain products, veggies and fruits
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 Choose a diet low in saturated fat and trans fats
SIGMUND FREUD:
 He described child development as being a series of psychosexual stages in which a
child’s sexual gratification becomes focused on a particular body part at each stage
o INFANT: oral stage- child explores the world by using their mouth
o TODDLER: anal stage- child learns to control urination and defecation
o PRESCHOOLER: Phallic stage- learns sexual identity through awareness
of genital area
o SCHOOL AGE: latent stage- child’s personality development appears to be
non-active or dormant
o ADOLESCENT: genital stage- develops sexual maturity and learns to
establish satisfactory relationships with others.

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(NRSG 206) NRSG 206 PEDS EXAM1 Childrearing Families

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