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(NUR 3414) Fluid, Electrolyte, Acid-Base Balance

John Marsh
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Fluid, Electrolyte, & Acid-Base Balance

  • UniversityBaylor University
  • CourseProfessional Nursing Practice (NUR 3414)

Fluid, Electrolyte, & Acid-Base Balance
Characteristics of Body Fluids
o Fluid: water that contains
dissolved/suspended substances such as
glucose, mineral salts, & proteins
o Volume: fluid amount
o Osmolality: fluid concentration; # of
particles per kg of water
o Fluid composition: electrolyte
o pH: degree of acidity
Scientific Knowledge Base: Location &
Movement of Water & Electrolytes
o Intracellular fluid (ICF): fluids w/in cells
 2/3 of total body water
o Extracellular fluid (ECF): fluid outside
of cells
 1/3 of total body water
 Three divisions:
 Interstitial: fluid between
the cells & the outside of the blood vessels
 Intravascular: liquid portion in our blood vessels (plasma)
 Transcellular: fluid in the CSF, peritoneal, synovial


(NUR 3414) Fluid, Electrolyte, Acid-Base Balance

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