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NUR1211 Medical Terminology Ch. 9-14 Final Vocab

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Medical Terminology Ch. 9-14 Final Vocab

Miami Dade College

Medical-Surgical Nursing (NUR1211)

Chapter 9: Blood, Lymphatic, and Immune Systems
Acute Posthemorrhagic Anemia: RBC deficiency caused by blood loss.
B12 Deficiency: Insufficient blood levels of cobalamin, also called vitamin b12,
which is essential for RBC maturation.
Chronic Blood Loss: Long-term internal bleeding.
Folate Deficiency: Anemia as a result of a lack of foliate from dietary, drug-induced,
congenital, or other causes.
Hypovolemia: Deficient volume of circulating blood.
Sideropenia: Condition of having reduced numbers of healthy RBCs because fo
chronic blood loss, inadequate iron intake,, or unspecified causes.
Pernicious Anemia: Progressive anemia that results from a lack of intrinsic factor essential
for the absorption of vitamin B12.
Aplastic Anemia: Suppression of bone marrow function leading to a reductio in RBC
production.
Hemolytic Anemia: A group of anemias caused by destruction of RBCs.
Autoimmune Acquired Hemolytic Anemia: Anemia caused by the body’s destruction
of its own RBCs by serum antibodies.
Non-autoimmune Acquired Hemolytic Anemia: Anemia that may be drug induced or
may be caused by an infectious disease, in which the RBCs are destroyed.
Sickle Cell Anemia: Inherited anemia characterized by crescent-shaped RBCs.
Thalassemia: Group of inherited disorders of people of Mediterranean, African, and
Southeast Asian descent, in which anemia is the result of a decrease in the synthesis
of hemoglobin, resulting in decreased production and increased destruction of
RBCs.
Pancytopenia: Deficiency of all blood cells caused by dysfunctiontional stem cells.
Hemophilia: Group of inherited bleeding disorders characterized by a deficiency of
one of the factors necessary for the coagulation of blood.
Polycythemia Vera: Chronic increase in the number of RBCs and the concentration
of hemoglobin.
Purpura: Bleeding disorder characterized by hemorrhage into the tissues.
Thrombocytopenia: Deficiency of platelets that causes an inability of blood to clot.
Septicemia: Systemic infection with pathologic microbes in the blood as a result of
an infection that has spread from elsewhere in the body.
Septic Shock: Inadequate blood flow to the body caused by an overwhelming infection
and resultant low blood pressure.
Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS): A type of septic shock, inflammatory
state affecting the whole body.
Leukocytosis: Abnormal increase in WBCs.
Leukopenia: Abnormal decrease in WBCs.
Neutropenia: Abnormal decrease in neutrophils due to disease process.
Edema: Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the interstitial spaces of the tissues.
Hypersplenism: Increased function of the spleen
Lymphadenitis: Inflammation of a lymph node.
Lymphadenopathy: Disease of the lymph nodes or vessels that may be localized or
generalized.
Lymphangitis: Inflammation of lymph vessels.
Lymphedema: Accumulation of lymphatic fluid and resultant swelling caused by obstruction,
removal, or hypoplasia of lymph vessels.
Lymphocytopenia: Deficiency of lymphocytes.
Lymphocytosis: Abnormal increase in lymphocytes.

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NUR1211 Medical Terminology Ch. 9-14 Final Vocab

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