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NURS 6501 Week 10 Quiz

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John Marsh
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NURS6501 Week 10 Exam Quiz Answers Walden University

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Question

A 45-year-old female presents with hypertension, anorexia, nausea and vomiting,
and anemia. She is diagnosed with chronic renal failure. When the patient asks what
caused this anemia, how should the nurse respond? Your anemia is caused by:

Question

When the nurse discusses the glomerulus and Bowman capsule together, it is
referred to as the renal:

Question

A 3-year-old female presents with recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs), fever, poor
growth and development, and feeding problems. Tests reveal a retrograde flow of
urine from the urinary bladder into the ureters. When giving report to the oncoming
shift, the nurse will call this condition:

Question 5

When a nurse is checking the urinalysis, plasma proteins should be absent from the
urine because:

Question 6

When a child is admitted with acute renal failure, a clinician realizes the most
common cause of acute renal failure is:

Question 7

A 5-year-old male was diagnosed with glomerulonephritis. History reveals that he
had an infection 3 weeks before the onset of this condition. The infection was most
likely located in the:

Question 8

A 60-year-old male is diagnosed with renal failure. While the nurse is reviewing lab
results, which of the following lab values would be most consistent with this
diagnosis?

Question 9

Anemia accompanies chronic renal failure because of:

Question 10

The urologist is teaching about the nephrons that determine the concentration of the
urine. The urologist is discussing the _____ nephrons.

Question 11

A nurse is reviewing urinalysis results and notices glucose is present in the urine. A
nurse realizes glucose will be excreted in the urine when:

Question 12

A 29-year-old female presents with cloudy urine, flank pain, hematuria, and fever.
Which of the following does the nurse suspect the patient is most likely
experiencing?

Question 13

A 15-year-old female presents with flank pain, irritability, malaise, and fever. Tests
reveal glomerulonephritis. When the parents ask what could have caused this, how
should the nurse respond?

Question 14

A 15-year-old male was diagnosed with pharyngitis. Eight days later he developed acute
glomerulonephritis. While reviewing the culture results, which of the following is the most

likely cause of this disease?

Question 15

Which of the following clusters of symptoms would make a clinician suspect a child
has developed glomerulonephritis?

Question 16

A 2-year-old male is diagnosed with Wilms tumor. Which of the following clinical
conditions is often associated with this disease?

Question 17

A 7-year-old male presents to his primary care provider for incontinence. His mother
indicates that he has never been continent. Which of the following is the most likely
diagnosis the nurse will observe on the chart?

Question 18

A urologist is discussing a structure that supplies blood to the medulla. What is the
urologist describing?

Question 19

A nurse is preparing to teach about the loop of Henle. Which information should be
included? The descending segment of the loop of Henle primarily allows for:

Question 20

When describing the male urinary anatomy, which information should the nurse
include? The portion of the male urethra that is closest to the bladder is the _____
portion.

Question 21

While planning care for a patient with renal calculi, the nurse remembers the most
important factor in renal calculus formation is:

Question 22

A nurse observes on the chart that a patient is admitted with Wilms tumors. A nurse
knows the tumors are found in the:

Question 23

A 30-year-old male is demonstrating hematuria with red blood cell casts and
proteinuria exceeding 3 to 5 g/day, with albumin being the major protein. The most
probable diagnosis the nurse will see documented on the chart is:

Question 24

A 24-year-old female is diagnosed with renal calculus that is causing obstruction.
Which of the following symptoms would she most likely experience?

Question 25

A 55-year-old male presents reporting urinary retention. Tests reveal that he has a
lower urinary tract obstruction. Which of the following is of most concern to the
nurse?

Question 26

A nurse is describing the trigone. Which information should be included? The trigone
is defined as:

Question 27

On average the kidneys receive approximately _____ of the cardiac output.

Question 28

A 19-year-old female was involved in a motor vehicle accident during which she
sustained a closed head injury. She is now experiencing detrusor sphincter
dyssynergia. Which of the following is the most beneficial medication treatment?

Question 29

When a patient’s renal system secretes rennin, what effect will that cause in the
body? It causes the direct activation of:

Question 30

A 4-year-old male is diagnosed with nephrotic syndrome. Which of the following
assessment findings accompanies this condition?

Question 31

A 6-year-old male is experiencing urine reflux from the urinary bladder into a grossly
dilated ureter and calyces. He was diagnosed with vesicoureteral reflux. This
condition would be graded:

Question 32

When a nurse is preparing to teach about urine, which information should the nurse
include? Just before entering the ureter, urine passes through the:

Question 33

If a nurse wants to obtain the best estimate of renal function, which test should the
nurse monitor?

Question 34

When the nurse is discussing the sodium-sensing cells of the glomerulus, what term
should the nurse use?

Question 35

A 56-year-old male presents with flank pain and polyuria. Tests reveal that he has an
enlarged prostate. Which of the following types of renal failure should the nurse
monitor for as it is the most likely to occur?

Question 36

A 42-year-old male is involved in a motor vehicle accident during which he loses a lot
of blood. The nurse realizes he is in acute renal failure caused by:

Question 37

A 75-year-old male reports to his primary care provider loss of urine with cough,
sneezing, or laughing. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis the nurse
will observe on the chart?

Question 38

A 27-year-old male has a severe kidney obstruction leading to removal of the
affected kidney. Which of the following would the nurse expect to occur?

Question 39

While planning care for a patient who has acute pyelonephritis. A nurse recalls the
most common condition associated with the development of acute pyelonephritis is:

Question 40

When a newborn is admitted with urinary tract infections (UTIs), which type of infection
will the nurse look for in the newborn?

Question 41

While turning a patient with chronic renal failure, which principle should the nurse
recall? Bone fractures are a risk factor in chronic renal failure because:

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