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Nursing Administration (Nur-adm-20) Socital Factors Affecting Career Change

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John Marsh
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Sohag university

Nursing administration (Nur.adm.20)

socital factors affecting career change

Societal factors that induce career change decision among nurses
working at different Sohag city hospitals

Background
Nurses who have positive professional images will have stronger relations with their
patients, peers, and community as a whole. Decision to leave might be an indication
that nurses are not committed to their profession.
Aim
This study aimed to determine the societal factors that induce career change
decision among nurses working at different Sohag city hospitals.
Study participants
The study participants comprised all categories of nursing staff from all age
categories and different educational levels.
Methods/Tools
Societal Satisfaction Questionnaire and Anticipated Career Change Questionnaire
were used for data collection.
Results
On the basis of the analysis of the participant’s responses, the result revealed that
there was a highly statistically significant positive correlation between societal
satisfaction and participants’ decision to leave the nursing career.
Conclusion
The study revealed that different sets of societal factors are associated with career
change decision among nurses, which are mainly concerned with society’s view of
nursing and mass media projection. These data can be useful for understanding
nurse workforce challenges, improving mass media recognition, providing
feedback to Egyptian nursing leaders as regards the best workplace practices,
and informing decisions surrounding workforce policy.
Keywords:
career, career change, mass media, societal satisfaction, society view
Egypt Nurs J 14:130–140
© 2018 Egyptian Nursing Journal
2090-6021
Introduction
Good career choice outcomes should produce a series of
positions that give opportunity for good performance,
maintain commitment to the field, and give high work
satisfaction (Super, 1980). In Egypt, nursing was
considered as a chance to work in other countries. The
image of nursing as a profession is affected by numerous
factors that decide the choice of nursing as a career.These
factors include media, public image, social prestige, nurses
themselves, having a family member, relative, or a friend
who is a nurse, role models, physician–nurse interaction,
nursing educators, nurse preceptors, risk for violence,
exposure to health hazards, and nursing education
programs (Shukri et al., 2013). The popular view of
nursing is influenced by how nurses behave with
consumers and in their relationships with members of
other disciplines, especially physicians. Likewise, the
value and status of nursing is diminished when nurses
allow themselves to be demeaned. For example, it is
demeaning when nurses address physicians as ‘Doctor’
but physicians address nurses by their given names
(Cowen and Moorhead, 2011).
Nurses have demonstrated the ability to deliver highquality
cost-effective healthcare with concomitant high
patient satisfaction. Healthcare organizations require
a stable, highly trained, and fully engaged nursing
staff to provide effective levels of patient care. Those
who are leaving the profession are reducing the total
number of nurses in the manpower, which has an
impact on the present nursing shortage and is
leading to a permanent loss of productivity (Buchan
and Aiken, 2008). The financial investments used
on nurse’s education, orientation, and continuing
education are lost. Moreover, nurse turnover is also
costly to organizations: first, because it results in the
direct and indirect costs of filling the positions, and,
second, because of the loss of organizational
productivity and knowledge (Li and Jones, 2013).

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Nursing Administration (Nur-adm-20) Socital Factors Affecting Career Change

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