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Nursing Practice Internship (NUR391) Azithromycin Med Sheet

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John Marsh
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Azithromycin Med Sheet

University of Kentucky

Nursing Practice Internship (NUR391)

Drug Class
Therapeutic: agents
for atypical
mycobacterium, antiinfectives
Pharmacologic:
macrolides
Therapeutic Effects/Uses
Azithromycin takes a bacteriostatic action against
the susceptible bacteria.
Usual Adult Dose/Route
The usual route is by mouth (PO). The usual dose is
500 mg on first day, then 250mg/day for four more
days. (Total dose is 1.5g)
Action of Drug
The action or purpose of azithromycin is
to inhibit the growth of bacteria. It is
prescribed to patients that may have
staphylococcus aureus or group A strep.
Contraindications
There are certain cases where azithromycin can
be harmful to the patient. It may be harmful for a
patient that has hypersensitivity to azithromycin,
erythromycin, or other bacteria inhibiting drugs.
Another contraindication is if a patient has a
history of jaundice or hepatic dysfunction with
this drug in the past.
Side Effects/Adverse Reactions
Central nervous system effects: dizziness, seizures,
drowsiness, fatigue, and headache.
Cardiovascular effects include: chest pain, low
blood pressure, palpitations.
Gastrointestinal tract effects: hepatotoxicity,
abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea, jaundice,
increased liver enzymes.
Skin effects: rash, photosensitivity, Stevens –
Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis.
EENT effects: ototoxicity

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Nursing Practice Internship (NUR391) Azithromycin Med Sheet

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