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Pathophysiologic Processes (NURS 3366) Gi Lecture Notes

John Marsh
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The University of Texas at Arlington


GI lecture notes

Nursing 3366 Pathologic Processes: Implications for Nursing
Lecture Notes: Disorders of Gastrointestinal (GI) System
Objectives /outcomes for this subject:
1. the relationship between key aspects of normal gastrointestinal function and pathophysiology
involved in select gastrointestinal and accessory organ conditions including:
 colorectal cancer, GERD, hiatal hernia, peptic ulcer disease, intestinal obstruction, inflammatory
bowel disease, diverticular disease, appendicitis, upper and lower GI bleed.
 jaundice, viral hepatitis, cirrhosis, cholelithiasis, cholecystitis, acute pancreatitis, pancreatic
cancer, cystic fibrosis.
2. signs and symptoms related to the above pathological conditions, including significance of
diagnostic tests results such as hemoccult, bilirubin, amylase, lipase, liver enzymes,
endoscopy, sweat test.
3. basic treatment modalities related to altered gastrointestinal and accessory organ conditions.
Outline for disorders of the GI tract
I. Overview
A. Basic anatomic terms
B. GI-related tests
II. Disorders of the esophagus, stomach, duodenum
A. Esophagus—GERD, Barrett’s esophagus
B. Stomach—hiatal hernia, gastritis
C. Stomach AND duodenum– peptic ulcer disease
III. Disorders of the intestines
A. Colorectal cancer
B. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)
C. Intestinal obstruction
D. Diverticular disease
E. Appendicitis / peritonitis
IV. GI bleeding
A. Overview
B. UGI bleed
C. LGI bleed
IV. Disorders of accessory organs
A. Jaundice
B. Disorders of the gallbladder
C. Disorders of the pancreas
D. Disorders of the liver



Pathophysiologic Processes (NURS 3366) Gi Lecture Notes

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