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Foundations Of Nursing Care (NUR 270) Nursing Notes Chapter 11

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John Marsh
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Nursing notes chapter 11

Tarleton State University

Foundations Of Nursing Care (NUR 270)

Definition
An enema is an introduction of fluid into the lower bowel through the
rectum for the purpose of cleansing or to introduce medication or
nourishment.
Purpose
 To stimulate defecation & to treat constipation ex: simple
evacuant enema
 To soften hard faecal matter ex: oil enema
 To administer medication ex: sedative enema
 To protect and soothe the mucus membrane of intestine
& to check diarrhoea ex : emollient enema
 To destroy intestinal parasites ex : anthelminitic enema
 To relieve the gaseous distention ex : carminitive enema
 To administer the fluid and nutrients ex: nutritive enema
 To relieve inflammation ex : astringent enema
 To induce peristalsis ex : purgative enema

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Foundations Of Nursing Care (NUR 270) Nursing Notes Chapter 11

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