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Practical Nursing (PRN 1648) PN3 Study Guide

John Marsh
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PN3 study guide

Rasmussen College

Practical Nursing III (PRN 1648)

15. Legal issues for nurses with alternative / complementary therapies- Because more and more
states are regulating C/A therapies, nurses must know the laws that govern these therapies in
the states in which they work. Employer policy and the nurse’s job description must also be
checked to determine whether performing C/A therapies is within the nurse’s scope of practice
at that agency. Some types of alternative therapies are not within the scope of practice for
16. Alternative therapy- is a therapy used instead of conventional treatment (ex. meditation,
17. Complementary therapy- is used along with conventional treatment. (ex. Biofeedback and
massage therapy) (PG 214)
18. Acupressure- A technique of releasing blocked energy within an individual when pressed or
massaged by the practitioner’s fingers, thumbs, and heel of the hands.
19. Acupuncture- is the ancient practice of inserting fine needles into carefully selected points
located along meridians, or energy pathways, in the body (far east).
20. Ayurveda-Natural therapies used to regain balance. Between mind, body and environment.
21. Body-mind centering- The inseparable connection and operation of thoughts, feelings and
physiologic functions
22. Biofeedback- Measures physiological responses, which assist individuals to improve their health
by using signals from their own bodies like changes in heart rate, blood pressure, and muscle
contractions so that they can be controlled using deep breathing and intentional
23. Relaxation & Imagery- Uses conscious awareness and visual images to relax muscles, lower
respiration, and pro- mote calm. Can ease stress and lower blood pressure.
24. Relaxation Intervention: Progressive muscle relaxation can reduce pain and stress in clients
25. Effective for pain where pain medications are not indicated
26. Imagery Intervention: A technique of using the imagination to visualize a pleasant, soothing
image. Encourage the client to visualize a soothing mental picture.
27. Phytochemical pathways- Garlic= increase bleeding, cinnamon= diabetes
28. Psych neural meditations- Yoga & Tai Chi
29. Reflexology- A noninvasive application of pressure by the use of the practitioner’s hands,
fingers, and thumb to the client’s feet, hands, and ears with specific thumb, finger, and hand
40. Meditation- A discipline in which the mind is focused on an object of thought or awareness. It
usually involves turning attention to a single point of reference.
Meditation Intervention: A quieting of the mind by focusing attention on a sound or image or
one’s own breathing.
41. Psychoneuroimmunology- New field of science supports the idea that the human mind can alter
the physiology of the body.
42.Antioxidants- Oxidation produces free radicals, which begins a process that damages cells and
causes aging. Antioxidants are molecules capable of slowing the oxidation of other molecules.
43.Examples of antioxidants: In the body, antioxidants prevent tissue damage related to free
radicals (Vitamin A, C, E & beta carotene)
44.Neuropeptides- released neurotransmitters signal emotions in the brain. Amino acid produced in
the brain act as chemical communicators.



Practical Nursing (PRN 1648) PN3 Study Guide

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