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Theories Of Crime (CRMJ 353) Hirschi's Social Bonding Theory

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Towson University

Theories Of Crime (CRMJ 353)

Theories of Crime
September 18th, 2018
Control Theories
Hirschi’s Social Bonding Theory
1. Control theories
 What characterizes control theories?
– Control theories suggest that all people have a similar motivation to offend:
humans are naturally self-interested.
– Control theories assert that everyone would violate the law if they could;
crime doesn’t need to be explained.
 Control theories explain what KEEPS people from offending.
– We conform because controls prevent us from committing crimes. Whenever
these controls break down or weaken, crime is likely to result.
 Many different applications of control concepts to explain crime.
– Reiss (1951): Personal & social controls
– Nye (1958): Direct, indirect, & internal control
 A version of control theory was proposed by Travis Hirschi (1969); his theory is
social bonding theory.
 Hirschi’s SBT brought together elements from all previous theories.

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Theories Of Crime (CRMJ 353) Hirschi's Social Bonding Theory

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