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Transition To Associate Degree (NURS 100) Kaplan Study Guide 1

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Kaplan Study Guide 1

Louisiana Tech University

Transition To Associate Degree Nursing (NURS 100)

SCIENCE
1. The movement of molecules or ion against their concentration gradient is called
Active Transport
2. The largest gland in the body is
Liver
3. What is he largest organ in the body
Skin
4. What is the largest muscle in the body
Gluteus Maximus
5. The large triangular muscle on upper back is
Trapezius
6. The adult spinal cord ends between
Lumbar #1 and Lumbar #2, L1 and L2
7. Which cranial nerves are in the preganglionic Neuron Cell Bodies?
Cranial Nerve 3,7,9,10
8. When do you get a biological response
When Neurotransmitter Bind to if receptor
9. What is the inactive form of the thyroid hormone?
T4, Thyroxine, Tetraiodothyronine
10. An autoimmune disease where T3 and T4 hormone production increase causing
a goiter
Grave’s disease
11. This organ release Melatonin
Pituitary Gland
18
12. What organ regulates sleep/wake cycle?
Pineal Gland
13. What are the cardinal signs of diabetes mellitus
Polyuria (excess urine)
Polydipsia (excess thirst)
Polyphagia (excess eating)
Asthenic (lack of energy)
14. What is the initial treatment for type 2 diabetes mellitus
Diet and exercise
15. How does the blood flow through the Heart
1. Superior Vena Cava 7. Pulmonary Vein
2. Right Atrium 8. Left Atrium
3. Tricuspid Valve 9. Bicuspid alve (Mitral)
4. Right Ventricle 10. Left Ventricle
5. Pulmonary Valve 11. Aortic Valve
6. Pulmonary Artery 12. Aorta
16. What is the largest Lymphatic organ?
Spleen
17. Where is the spleen is located?
Left hypochondriac of left upper quadrant
18. What protects the spleen
Rib 10-12
19. How do air flow through the lungs
Nose, Mouth, Pharynx (throat), Larynx (voice box), Trachea (windpipe),
Bronchi (Branch to both lungs), Bronchiole, Alveoli
19
20. If hydrogen ion concentration increase and the pH decrease it is
Acidic
21. If hydrogen ion concentration decrease and the pH increase it is
Alkaline
22. What body system controls homeostasis
Nervous system
23. What is proper flow of urine
Minor Calyces, Major Calyces, Renal Pelvis, Ureter, Bladder, Urethra
24. Where does complete reabsorption of glucose and amino acids take place
Proximal Convoluted Tubules
25. Where does bicarbonate reabsorption take place
Proximal Convoluted Tubules
26. What 3 component make up the water in our body
Intracellular fluid (inside cells, cytosol)
Extracellular Fluid (Interstitial Fluid – surround tissue cells)
Intravascular (Lymph)
27. Where does oxygen exchange occur
In lungs between alveoli and capillaries
28. What is function of the small intestine?
Chemical digestion and absorption
29. What is function of the large intestine?
Absorption of remaining water in the chime
30. What is the proper movement of chime through the colon
Ascending colon, Hepatic flexion, Transverse colon, Splenic Flexion,
Descending Colon, Sigmoid Flexion

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Transition To Associate Degree (NURS 100) Kaplan Study Guide 1

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