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UNV 104 University Success Grand Canyon University

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Grand Canyon University

UNV 104 University Success Grand Canyon University

Students of Grand Canyon University (GCU) are required to use the guidelines provided by the
Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA) for preparing written
assignments, except where otherwise noted. GCU has made APA templates and other resources
available; therefore, students are not required to purchase the APA manual in general, though
specific programs may require it.
This guide is a brief overview of APA Style. Additional examples can be found on the GCU
Library’s Citing Sources in APA guide (https://libguides.gcu.edu/APA) and on the official APA
Style website (https://apastyle.apa.org/).
The curriculum materials (Syllabus, Lectures/Readings, Resources, etc.) created and provided by
GCU in online classrooms are prepared using an editorial format that relies on APA as a
framework but that modifies some formatting criteria to better suit the nature and purpose of
instructional materials. Students and faculty are advised that GCU course materials do not adhere
strictly to APA format and should not be used as examples of correct APA format when preparing
written work for class.
APA Format and Style
Academic writing, which is independent thought supported by reliable and relevant research,
depends on the ability to integrate and cite the sources that have been consulted. Use APA style
for all references, in-text citations, formatting, etc.
Use the student paper format unless directed otherwise by the assignment. Dissertations and
related projects use their own formats with additional elements. Refer to the dissertation
templates for those projects.
See the official APA Style website’s sample student paper (https://apastyle.apa.org/stylegrammar-
guidelines/paper-format/sample-papers) or the GCU APA Typing Template for
examples of the formatting rules below.
Paper Format
1) Use standard-size paper of 8.5″ x 11″.
2) Margins should be 1″ all around (top, bottom, left, right).
3) Use Times New Roman 12-point font.
 Although the 7th edition of the Publication Manual lists several choices for font and
size, GCU has chosen Times New Roman 12-point font for student work.
4) Double-space all sections.
5) Indent and align text according to the rules for that section.
6) Include page numbers, beginning with the title page as page 1, in the upper right heading area
of all pages. Use the automatic page numbering of a word-processing software.
The basic organization of an APA-style student paper includes the title page, abstract if required,
body, and reference section, though students are encouraged to follow any specific directions
given in their assignment.
Title Case vs Sentence Case
APA has two sets of rules for capitalization in titles and headings. Title case capitalizes all words
over four letters, along with any word that would be capitalized in sentence case. Sentence case
capitalizes proper nouns, acronyms, the first word of a title, and the word after a colon or em
dash (the long dash, —). Title case is used on the title page, and for all titles, subtitles, and
headings in the body—including the titles of figures or tables. Title case is also used for the titles
of periodicals on the reference page. Sentence case is used for all titles other than periodical titles
in the reference list.
Title Page
The title page provides basic information about the paper.
1) The title page is centered and double-spaced, including the blank lines left at the top
before the title.
2) Place the title three lines down from the top of the page.
3) The title is bold and in title case.
4) Leave one blank line below the title.
5) Next list the name of each author. For two authors separate with “and.” For more than
two, separate with commas and add “and” before the last author.
6) On the next line, list the college (such as College of Theology) and Grand Canyon
University, separated by a comma. Do not abbreviate.
7) On the next line, list the course number and name, for example: CWV-101: Christian
8) On the next line, list the instructor’s name.
9) On the next line, list the assignment due date.
The abstract covers the main points of the paper and is required only when listed in the
assignment. Read the assignment instructions carefully to determine if the assignment requires
an abstract.
1) Abstract is page 2 of the assignment.
2) The word “Abstract” should be bold, centered at the top of the page, and capitalized.
3) Abstracts should not exceed 250 words and should be a single paragraph.
4) Do not indent the abstract paragraph and place the text aligned left.
The body will contain all of the author’s main points as well as detailed and documented support
for those ideas.
1) The body begins on its own page.
2) The title of the paper should be bold, in title case, and centered at the top of the first page of
the body.
3) The unlabeled introduction follows the title. Do not use “Introduction” as a label or heading.
4) Body paragraphs have a 0.5 inch indent at the start of each paragraph and are aligned left.
5) Headings:
a. All headings are bold and in title case.
b. Each heading is used as a subheading of the level above. If using only one level of
heading, use Level 1, if using two levels, use 1 and 2, etc. Use at least two
subheadings under a heading, or do not use any at all.


UNV 104 University Success Grand Canyon University

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